The word wound comes to our mind when we think about any injury or accidents. But any surgical incisions are also considered as wounds. Skin being the largest organ helps to protect all the foreign invasions in the body. So, anything that breaks the skin or injures the skin is considered to be a wound. 

Wound includes cuts, scrapes, scratches, and punctured skin. These may be a result of an accident, surgery, sutures, or stitches. Minor wounds do not any trouble, but they should be cleaned properly. Infected and big wounds need to be taken care of with necessary medications. In case of deep wounds, it has to be closed or it does not heal.

What are the different types of wounds?

Abrasion occurs over the skin when it is rubbed to any hard surface. Bleeding is not much in this case, but wound needs to be scrubbed and cleaned to avoid infection.

A laceration is considered as a deep cut or tearing of the skin. Injuries which happen due to knives, tools, and machinery are frequent causes of lacerations. If the lacerations are deep, the bleeding can be rapid.

A puncture is caused due to long, pointed object such as a needle or nail. The wound occurs in the form of a small hole. A bullet injury can cause a puncture wound. 
Punctures needn’t bleed much, but these can cause damage to the internal organs. The puncture wounds should be considered seriously as it may lead to infections.

An avulsion can be defined as a partial or complete tearing of skin and the tissue beneath. This injury generally occurs during the time of violent accidents, explosions, and gunshots. These wounds cause deep wounds and bleed heavily.

Causes of Wounds

Wounds are resulted due to any cut or graze in the skin. They also can happen as a result of massive injuries, accidents, explosions, etc. other causes include:

  • Animal Bites
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Dislocations
  • Electrical injuries
  • Fractures
  • Sprains and strains

Signs and Symptoms of Wound Infection?

  • Tenderness at the site of the wound
  • Redness and swelling around the mark
  • Minimal or excessive bleeding 
  • Burning sensation at the site of injury
  • The mild or elevated temperature at the site.
When to see a doctor?

You should seek medical care from a doctor if,

  • The wound is deep
  • The wound is near the eyes
  • If you notice increased tenderness, spreading redness or marked swelling
  • If the bleeding doesn’t stop with direct pressure and lasts longer for more than 20 mins. 
  • Raise in temperature
  • If the wound has happened due to a bite from an animal or another human
  • If the cut has contaminated due to soil or saliva
  • If you are diabetic

Home Remedies for Heal a Wound

1. Fresh Aloe vera gel

Take fresh aloe vera leaf and cut it slightly. Scrape off the pulp. Clean the wound and apply it over the cut. Leave it undisturbed. Repeat this 2-3times per day

Aloe gel is extremely helpful in treating wounds. It kills the growth of bacteria and prevents infection. It contains anthraquinones and certain other phytochemicals that have the wound healing property. 

2. Application of honey over the wound

Take honey on your fingertips. Clean the wound and apply it gently over the open ulcer and leave it. This can be done at least 2-3 times a day.  

Honey is one among the commonly used remedies for treating wounds. Due to its anti-inflammatory property, it helps to reduce swelling and treat the wounds. The healing property accelerates the healing of ulcers. Honey is an antibacterial as well.

3. Application of Virgin coconut oil

Take some virgin coconut oil in your palm and apply it gently over the wound. This must be done 3-times daily. 
Coconut oil has the presence of lauric acid which exhibits wonderful antibacterial properties. It possesses anti-inflammatory and is very effective in healing ulcers and the associated symptoms.

4. Turmeric Paste Application

Make fresh turmeric thick paste using turmeric powder and water. Apply the paste and let it dry. Wash off with warm water. 
Alternatively, the application of fresh turmeric can also be done. This can be repeated at least twice a day. 
Turmeric has been an age-old remedy, for wound healing due to its incredible wound healing activity. It contains curcumin that is exceptionally good in anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties. 

5. Onion paste with honey

Blend the onion and honey to make a paste. Apply it over the wound. 
Onion contains anti-microbial compound allicin which protects the wound from infection and helps to heal the wound.