Malaria


Malaria is a parasitic infection transmitted through mosquitoes that have afflicted the human race over the millennia. The disease imposes a great socio-economic burden on humanity. According to the latest WHO report, India ranks fourth in infections and deaths caused by malaria. Children, pregnant women, and travelers are more prone to get malaria. 

The female Anopheles mosquito exchanges Plasmodium parasites from its saliva into the individual's blood. The parasites, after entering the bloodstream, move up to the liver and reproduce itself. Within 48 to 72 hours the parasites invade to red blood cells and multiply inside the RBC which results in the infected cells to burst open. Each time they burst, the person will experience a bout of fever, chills, and sweating.

Out of different subspecies of Plasmodium, only five are dangerous - P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malarie, P. falciparum and P. knowlesi. As malaria is transmitted by blood, it can likewise be transmitted through a transfusion, an organ transplant, and the utilization of shared needles. But, this is very rare.


What are the Causes of Malaria?

The Plasmodium parasites that causes malaria in humans are:
  • Plasmodium falciparum – This is the most common malaria parasite mainly found in Africa. Most of the time the parasite is responsible for deaths worldwide.
  • Plasmodium vivax – These causes milder symptoms compared to Plasmodium falciparum. They stay in the liver for up to 3years, due to which there is a risk of reoccurrence.  Commonly found in Asia and South America.
  • Plasmodium ovale – Fairly uncommon and if occurred, can remain in the liver for several years without producing symptoms. Usually found in West Africa.
  • Plasmodium malarie – The occurrence is quite unusual. They are only found in Africa.
  • Plasmodium knowlesi – Malaria caused due to this parasite is very rare and found in parts of southeast Asia.

Signs and Symptoms of Malaria

Malarial infection is generally characterized by the following signs and symptoms:
  • Fever with chills
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle pain and fatigue

Other signs and symptoms may include:

  • Sweating
  • Chest or abdominal pain
  • Cough
A few people who have malaria experience cycles of malarial "attacks." An attack usually starts with shivering and chills, trailed by a high fever, followed by sweating and returns to normal temperature. The signs and symptoms typically begin within a few weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito. However, some types of malaria parasites can lie dormant in the body for up to a year.


Home Remedies For Malaria Fever

1.  Turmeric


Turmeric mixed into a glass of warmed milk and drunk as an effective home remedy for malaria. The known antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of turmeric will help to fight the infection and reduce the symptoms. 

2.  Datura


Datura is an Indian herb that has been known to make a great home remedy for malaria. Simple crush two to three datura leaves and add them to half a teaspoon of jaggery to make pills. You can take one pill every two hours before a malaria attack. This is particularly effective in treating the fever caused by your malaria infection.

3.  Lemongrass


Lemongrass also called as fever grass and is arguably one of the most common plants which can be used as a home remedy for Malaria. When boiled, the resulting lemongrass infusion can be taken on a daily basis to relieve malaria symptoms and fight the disease.

4.  Tulsi


Tulsi is a wonder drug that exhibits a combination of pharmacological activities like antimicrobial, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antiprotozoal, antimalarial, anthelmintic, mosquito repellent, antidiarrheal, antioxidant, anticataract, anti-inflammatory, chemopreventive, radioprotective, etc.

Tulsi leaves (around 12-15) are crushed and the juice is extracted. To this juice add a pinch of black pepper and have it thrice a day during the early stages of the disease.

5.  Ginger


Ginger can help to boost the immune system and initiate the speed recovery after the infection. Gingerol, the active ingredient in ginger, possess anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, making it one among the most effective natural remedy for treating this ailment.

6.  Fenugreek Seeds


Time unknown Fenugreek seeds are an inevitable home remedy in boosting one’s immune system. These help to fight the parasites in the body, thereby aiding in quick recovery from malaria.