Kidney Stone

Mankind has been afflicted by kidney stones since centuries back. Kidney Stone also referred as Renal Calculi is named as Nephrolithiasis or Urolithiasis as per the medical terminology. According to the recent studies, 12% of the world is affected by Renal calculi at some point of their life. In Indian population, the prevalence rate is 12% out of them 50% may end up with loss of their kidney functions. However, the occurrence rate is more in males compared to females.

Urination helps to remove the toxins along with the liquid waste from the body. During this process, there are chances of formation of solid mass which happens due to the clumping of tiny crystals. These tiny crystals can be referred as Renal Calculus. It may be variable in size and shape. Many factors contribute to the formation of urinary stones. The chemical composition of kidney stone vary from individual to individual depending upon the abnormality. Depending upon the variations in their compositions they are mainly categorized into – 

  1. Calcium stones – Calcium oxalate or Calcium phosphate
  2. Magnesium Ammonium phosphate stones
  3. Uric Acid stones
  4. Cystine stones
  5. Drug-Induced stones.

Person suffering with kidney stone experience with excruciating pain which is beyond explanation. Apart from pain, people also experience frequent urge to micturate, hematuria (blood in urine), nausea and vomiting. Most of the calculi, flushes out along with the urine but if they don’t life becomes miserable.

What are the Causes of Kidney Stones?

Formation of kidney stones is a complex and multifactorial process. These may include several inherent factors like age, sex, heredity, and external factors such as geography, climate, dietary, mineral composition, and water intake.

  • Lifestyle habits and dietary changes such as – excessive intake of animal proteins and salt and diet deficient in citrate, fiber contents.
  • Low urine output – inadequate water intake which leads to dehydration and super saturation of the urine.
  • Due to recurrent urinary tract infections.
  • Genetic predisposition – family history of urinary calculi. 
  • Anatomical abnormalities –factors such as defects in medullary sponge kidney, pyeloureteral duplication, polycystic renal disease, and horseshoe kidney 
  • Inflammatory bowel disease and other intestinal malabsorption can also be a triggering factor to kidney stones.
  • Due to long term use of Lithogenic drugs: sulfonamides (sulfadiazine), uricosuric agents, which have low solubility and promotes the formation of calculi, and ceftriaxone (high dose on long terms)
  • Climate change – Due to geographic conditions like global warming and seasonal variations can also be a contributing factor to calculi. 
  • Some of the risk factors also include Obesity, Diabetes, and Hypertension as well. Metabolic disorders – such as hypercalciuria (excess calcium in the urine), hypocitraturia (citrate excretion of less than 320 mg per day) and history of gout (defective metabolism of uric acid) can also contribute for the same.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones

  • Sudden onset of excruciating, cramping pain in the low back or side, groin, and abdomen. Changes in body position do not relieve this pain.
  • Nausea and vomiting are the common symptoms often accompanied with pain.  
  • May or May not cause bloody urine.
  • If associated with Urinary tract infections, then fever and chills also occur. 
  • Sometimes symptoms such as frequent urination, urinary urgency or incomplete urination can also happen. 

Home Remedies For Kidney Stones

Drinking a lot of coconut water will help to increase the body’s urine output. 

Apart from this, the amount of potassium present in coconut water helps to alkalinize the acidic urine

and also dissolve the kidney stones.


Squeeze the lemon into a glass of water. Add 1 spoon of honey to it and mix well.

This mixture can be consumed on empty stomach morning and evening.

Lemons are known for its abundance of citrate which dissolves kidney stones. They are one among the richest antioxidant and possess diuretic properties. The anti-inflammatory properties of lemons are added benefit to alleviate symptoms of pain while urinating


Clean the pomegranate and grind to obtain the juice. The juice can be consumed often.

Pomegranate contains elements that lower the acidity of urine, making it harder for stones to form.

It helps to flush out stones and toxins from the system. It has rich antioxidants which help to keep kidneys healthy


Intake of sugar cane juice promotes frequent urination, which helps the small sized stones to pass through the urine. 

Sugarcane contains iron, magnesium, calcium and other electrolytes which treats dehydration. It is treated as an important diuretic which treats urinary tract infections, recurrent kidney infections. It accelerates the proper functioning of the kidneys.

Ayurveda also emphasis sugarcane juice helps to strengthen the liver and is a helpful remedy in Jaundice


Soak the horse gram in sufficient quantity of water. Then boil these thoroughly in the water and consume it once it is cool. 

Horse gram soup is said to be very effective in treating kidney stones and gall stones.

These pulses help in breaking the stones into smaller pieces. It is an effective diuretic.


One or two celery stalks are taken and cleaned in running water. These are then blended with the water and to create celery juice.   

Including celery seeds to the daily diet reduces the risk of urine formation. The leaves have antioxidants and compounds which can increase urine production.

To avoid recurrence:

  • Avoid foods items with high salt content
  • Go slow on protein-rich food such as meats, fish, eggs, and poultry which are likely to increase the amount of acid in urine.
  • Avoid unhealthy foods like sugar, sugary drinks like sodas, energy drinks, processed food, alcohol and foods with high levels of oxalates.
  • Moderate exercise to the body is advised. 
  • Drink plenty of warm water.
  • Consume fruits and vegetables rich in fibrous content. Some foods like lemon, orange, avocados, bananas, green leafy vegetables, and pumpkin skins are very beneficial.