The term Indigestion is used by patients and physicians to designate some form of gastrointestinal tract upset. It includes diverse symptoms, which in turn may be manifestations of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal diseases. The words indigestion and dyspepsia may be used interchangeably, which implies one or more symptoms experienced shortly after eating, as a result of the digestive disorder.

Occasionally patients use the term indigestion to describe the symptoms of heartburn. However, it is defined more specifically as a condition where some of the stomach contents are forcefully backed up into the esophagus. Due to which it results in a burning pain in the lower chest region.

What Are The Causes of Indigestion?

Disobeying the dietary rules is the supreme cause of indigestion. This may include irregular timings of taking food, Overeating or eating the food too quickly, eating heavy food which is slow to digest.

  • Suppression of natural urges.
  • Drinking excessive water unnecessarily.
  • Sleeping during day time.
  • Not sleeping at night.
  • Over usage of caffeine, alcohol, chocolate or carbonated beverages
  • Smoking
  • Anxiety
  • Due to the long term use of certain antibiotics, pain relievers and iron supplements.

Symptoms of Indigestion

  • Aversion towards the food.
  • Uncomfortable fullness after the meal. Fullness lasts longer than it should and results in heaviness and bloating in the abdomen.
  • Constipation or diarrhea.
  • Nausea, often accompanied by vomiting.
  • Pain in the abdomen.
  • Body ache, feeling of heaviness in body, dizziness.
  • Headache
  • Repeated yawning and inactive. 
  • Burning sensation in the chest associated with sour belching
  • Excessive Sweating.
  • Excessive thirst.

Indigestion may be an associated symptom with many diseases, few of them include:

  • Gastritis
  • Peptic ulcers
  • Gallstones
  • Fever
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Pancreatitis
  • Stomach cancer
  • Intestinal blockage
  • Reduced blood flow in the intestine

Home Remedies For Indigestion

1.  Ginger

Take fresh ginger and clean it with running water. Peel the skin out. Chew the cleaned raw ginger mixed with a pinch of salt. Alternatively, ginger juice can be taken. Water medicated with dry ginger, coriander seeds, can be of good help.

Ginger has been a proved drug for indigestion. The active constituents in ginger stimulate the serotonin receptors and activate the gastrointestinal system, helps in digestion. It enhances nutrient absorption. Ginger helps to reduce intestinal gas and induces the gut motility.

2.  Buttermilk

Fresh buttermilk prepared with a pinch of cumin seed powder, fresh-squeezed ginger, pepper and curry leaves should be taken half an hour after meals.

The lactic acid bacteria which is generated during the time of buttermilk formation is considered as probiotics. They help to promote gut health and play a role in the digestion. These bacteria also help to digest the food and absorb nutrients.

3.  Ajwain

Ajwain seeds should be chewed after the meals, which helps in fast digestion helps digestion.

Ajwain seeds are rich in thymol, which help to secrete gastric juices which promotes easy digestion. It also aids in curing the excess gas in the stomach.

4.  Cinnamon

Cinnamon powder mixed with honey taken before food helps to improve acidity and improves digestion of heavy metals.

Cinnamon is a good digestive aid. It acts on the walls of the stomach and small intestine regulates the secretions of gastric juices. It also keeps the stomach cool during temperature.

5.  Cumin Seeds

Chewing cumin seeds after the meals is helpful in conditions of bloating and checks on digestion.

Also, water boiled with cumin seeds correct the digestion and helps to eliminate the excess gas formed in the abdomen.

Cumin seeds increase the activity of digestive enzymes, which potentiate the speed of digestion. They also increase the release of bile which helps to digest fats and nutrients in the gut.

6.  Garlic

Raw garlic chewed after the meal helps to fasten the digestion. 

Chewing garlic cloves in the empty stomach stimulates appetite and digestion. 

Garlic has the ability to ignite a digestive fire in the body. Garlic if taken in optimum quantity promotes healthy digestion. The plant contains high sulfur content which acts as an antibiotic to keep the digestive system clean by flushing the toxins.

7.  Cow Ghee

The intake of a spoon full of ghee along with the food also helps in aiding fast digestion. 

Ghee is a rich source of butyric acid. This acid helps in bettering the digestion and helps to lower the inflammation.


  1. Avoid eating stale, hot, spicy & oily food items. 
  2. Avoid intake of fermented food, junk food & bakery foods regularly. 
  3. Any incompatible food should be avoided. Should not drink excessive water when hungry because it can weaken the digestive fire.
  4. Avoid intake of pickles, alcohol, spicy, salty, acidic food. 
  5. Minimalize the usage of fried food, non-veg food items which can furthermore worsen the digestion.