High Blood Pressure


Many people have high blood pressure but they usually do not notice it. Over time, this can lead to damage of blood vessels. High blood pressure also called essential hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which may lead to mortality. 

In more than 95% of cases, etiology of hypertension is unknown. Such a patient is diagnosed as essential hypertension. Secondary hypertension results as a consequence of a specific disease or abnormality e.g. renal disease, an endocrine disorder, drugs, pregnancy.

Blood pressure readings are always listed as a pair: 120/80 mmHg, for example. The higher value which comes first is the systolic blood pressure and the lower value is diastolic blood pressure. BP is measured in units of “millimeters of mercury,” written “mmHg” for short.

BP is shooted up if the systolic value is over 140mmHg or diastolic value is over 90mmHg. However, these levels were set for practical understanding and are a general guide. Experts totally don’t agree to this fact. There is no parameter that defines the value of lower blood pressure.

Classification of Blood Pressure

Category

Blood Pressure mm Hg.

 

Systolic

Diastolic

Normal

Normal < 120

Normal < 80

Prehypertension

120-139

80-89

Stage 1 hypertension

140-159

90-99

Stage 2 hypertension

> 160

> 100


Types of Hypertension

Essential or Primary Hypertension – The exact cause of this type of hypertension is unknown. It is diagnosed when the blood pressure continues to be high with no cause identified. 
Secondary Hypertension – When your hypertension occurs as a result of any underlying disease then it is termed as secondary hypertension. Usually it may occur either due to an abnormality in the arteries or an obstruction in your airways while sleeping. This may also be due to you may have secondary hypertension. This can also be caused by hormonal abnormalities, diseases of the thyroid, etc.

Hypertension is classified into a few more types. They are:

Isolated Systolic Hypertension
Normal blood pressure is usually considered in the range of 120/80. In this category people will have risen systolic value (above 120), whereas the diastolic pressure remains in the normal range (below 90). This is common in upper age group above 65yrs. The most common cause of this type of hypertension is the loss of arterial elasticity.
Malignant Hypertension 
This is more often seen in young adults and is a very rare type of hypertension. This occurs only in 1% of the hypertensive candidates. Malignant hypertension occurs when blood pressure rises suddenly and is requires immediate medical care. 
Resistant Hypertension 
This type of hypertension happens mostly due genetic inheritance. About 20-30% hypertensive individuals fall in this category. Even after taking the prescribed medicines from physician the BP remains high.

What Are the Causes For High Blood Pressure?

  • Blood pressure usually increases with age
  • Stress or fear can also result in increased BP
  • Lack of sufficient sleep
  • Increased physical activity or exercise
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Over usage of salt in diets 
  • Consumption of Alcohol
  • Some medications can also increase the risk of blood pressure
  • Weakened heart muscles. 
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Family history

Sign and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure

Most individuals might not show any signs and symptoms even if the blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels. Few people might exhibit symptoms like:

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Epistaxis (nosebleeds)
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Double or blurry vision
  • Weakness
  • Drowsiness 
But these signs and symptoms aren't specific. It varies from person to person. This usually doesn’t show up until the blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.

7 Natural ways to lower your blood pressure Easily That Work At Home

1.  Garlic Cloves


Consume garlic cloves twice daily. Chew and swallow them. 

Studies have proven garlic is a very relevant remedy in treating uncontrolled hypertension. The components in garlic are identified to be blood thinners. They also possess compounds which help to induce smooth muscle relaxation and vasodilation thereby helping in BP reduction  

2.  Juice of Punarnava (Spreading Hogweed)


Punarnava an Ayurveda herb is an excellent remedy for treating hypertension. This is an abundantly available weed across India. The whole plant should be taken cleaned and fresh juice (15-20ml) should be taken internally in an empty stomach. 

The plant Punarnava is proven to possess significant antihypertensive activity through a decrease in sympathetic activity. This weed is a very useful diuretic by increasing renal blood flow, which contributes to its antihypertensive actions.

3.  Asparagus

 

Asparagus is a widely used culinary plant. This can be included in the daily diet in the form of a side dish. 

Asparagus is a highly recommended drug in treating hypertension. The herb helps to reduce the risk of heart diseases. The plant is a good source of potassium that helps to normalize blood pressure, and folate another nutrient important for heart health. It’s also rich in soluble fiber to help lower blood cholesterol levels. The presence of saponins in the plant also facilitates the same action.

4.  Flaxseeds


Consume 4 tablespoons of flaxseed every day which lower the risk of high blood pressure. 

A study conducted revealed that flaxseeds are more effective in lowering systolic blood pressure in postmenopausal women who have a history of heart disease. Flaxseeds are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which will help in lowering the raised blood pressure. 

Add a teaspoon of coriander and a pinch of cardamom to one cup freshly squeezed peach juice. Drink this solution as many as two or three times a day to help deal with high blood pressure.

5.  Beetroot Juice


Beetroot juice is the easiest remedy which helps to lower blood pressure. It contains potassium and magnesium abundantly and a high amount of nitrates which together helps to waive of the high BP. 

When the juice is taken, these nitrates are rapidly converted into nitrites by bacteria that are present in saliva and also in the surface of the tongue. Nitrites are directly absorbed into the circulation where the again gets converted into nitric oxide (NO). These oxides are powerful to relax the muscle fibers in the blood vessel lining. This causes the dilation of blood vessels and thereby fall in blood pressure

6.  Amla (Indian Gooseberry)


Amla is a proved drug for lowering blood pressure. Amla juice should be taken in the empty stomach prevents from many ailments. 
Due to the rich presence of Vitamin C, the fruit helps in widening the blood vessel and reducing cholesterol levels. It is considered one of the best fruits which prevent heart failure and hypertension.