Urinary Tract Infection

More than half of the people in the world might have come across a urinary tract infection at some point of life. The disease is common in both genders but women are more prone to get infected and belongs to the high-risk category. Compared to men, women have a smaller urethra, so bacteria have a smaller distance to travel before reaching the urinary tract. Also due to the lifestyle changes women are affected over 50% each year.

UTI is a generalized term used to refer bacterial or fungal growth in any part of the urinary system — your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Most of the infections are associated with bladder and the urethra. UTI can be treated within 2-3days, but if the infection persists then medications should be continued till it subsides.

What are the causes of Urinary tract infections? 

The infection typically occurs when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and starts to multiply in the bladder.

Cystitis (Infection of the bladder) – Typically, this type of infection is caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli). They are generally found in the gastrointestinal tract. The infection can also happen through sexual intercourse. All women belong to the risk category of cystitis because of their anatomy, specifically the short distance from the urethra to the bladder.

Urethritis (Infection of the urethra) – The infection that occurs because of the spreading of the bacteria from anus to urethra. Since the urethral opening and vaginal opening is close enough, the infections get transmitted easily. Sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea, chlamydia, mycoplasma etc. also leaves high risk for UTI.

What are the Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infections? 

The major symptoms include:
  • A strong, persistent urge to urinate
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Urine incontinence (Passing urine in small amounts and feeling of incompleteness even after passing urine)
  • Fever associated with chills in the night
  • Turbid Urine (urine appears cloudy)
  • Signs of blood in urine. 
  • Strong-smelling urine
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Muscle aches and abdominal pains
  • Severe pelvic pain, in women — more pain felt in the center of pelvis and in the area near pubic bone. 
Method of Diagnosis

Primary diagnosis is done by testing the urine sample. The test will reveal presence of white blood cells, red blood cells, and bacteria. If there is occurrence of recurrent infection, further tests like urine culture should be done to understand the mode of infection. 

Other techniques include:

Diagnostic imaging: This includes assessing the urinary tract using USG, CT and MRI scanning, radiation tracking, or X-rays.

Cystoscopy: This will allow to inspect the bladder and urethra with camera which is inserted through a long thin tube to urethra.

Risk Factors

Studies reveal that, over 50 percent of all women will experience the issue of urinary tract infection at least once during their lifetime, out of which 20 to 30 percent experiences recurrent UTIs.

Unlike other women, pregnant ladies develop more chances for UTI. As it is very important regarding the safety of mother and child during pregnancy, the women are tested for presence of bacteria in their urine, even if there are no symptoms.

People of any age and gender can develop a UTI. However, the risk category is:

  • Frequent sexual intercourse, or intercourse with multiple or new partners
  • Diabetes
  • Poor personal hygiene
  • Having a urinary catheter
  • Bowel incontinence
  • Blocked flow of urine
  • Kidney stones
  • Vaginal contraceptives 
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Weak immune system
  • Use of spermicides and tampons
  • Heavy use of antibiotics, which disturbs the natural flora of the urinary tract
Types of urinary tract infection

Part of urinary tract affected

Signs and symptoms

Kidneys (acute pyelonephritis) 

         Upper back and side (flank) pain

         High fever

         Shaking and chills



Bladder (cystitis)

         Pelvic pressure

         Lower abdomen discomfort

         Frequent, painful urination

         Blood in urine

Urethra (urethritis)

         Burning with urination


5 Home Remedies for Urinary Tract Infection

1. Tribulus fruits (Cow hage) 

This is a very good remedy for treating urinary infection. Take the seeds of Tribulus, dry in the sun and store it for ready usage.

Take few of them and boil in water and drink it warm. Continue drinking this frequently until the infection comes down.

Tribulus commonly known as Gokru, is helpful in treating all urinary disorders and can be considered as a rejuvenator for the urinary system. The drug helps to improve urinary tract health. It helps to reduce the infection by promoting more flow of urine, there by the bacteria gets washed off. It also gives a soothing effect to the membranes of the urinary tract. The medicine also helps in curing urogenital tract diseases. 

2. Cranberry juice 

Drink a glass of unsweetened cranberry juice on a daily basis until the infection is cleared. The juice can be diluted with water if required.

Cranberries, is an excellent remedy for treating UTI. They contain proanthocyanidins that kills the    E. coli bacteria and prevents from crossing the urethra walls. They are very potent antibiotic that fights against infections. 

3. Warm water

Hydrate the body adequately. This is a permanent and simplest solution that can be taken to prevent UTI. Even though water is the most essential thing in life, it is not given atmost importance.   Drinking plain water is can flush out the bacteria and prevent it from recurrent infections. 

4. Coriander seeds

Consume the water boiled with coriander seeds and drink in frequently. 

Coriander is considered to be a cooling diuretic. Both the seeds and leaves can be used to cure the infection caused for urinary tract. The seeds are helpful in treating cystitis, dysuria, cloudy urine. Warm infusion of the coriander seeds is much beneficial in case of burning micturition.

5. Sugarcane juice 

Sugarcane is regarded as a naturally available diuretic. This should be consumed on a daily basis until the infections is treated. 

Due to its diuretic action, it flushes out the urine frequently there by clearing the bacteria. Sugarcane ensures the health of kidney and lowers the risk of kidney stones.