Hair fall is one among the most widely recognized worry in our general public usually in both the genders and all age gatherings. Anybody can encounter hair loss, however, it's increasingly normal in men. According to various studies conducted, the prevalence of hair loss in men is 60.3% whereas in females is 15.3%. 

Losing more than 100 hair strands a day is considered as significant hair fall. Though hair loss is a common cosmetically and psychosocially distressing condition, it attracted poor attention and there are limited studies on its prevalence and its grade in the Indian subcontinent.

What are the causes of hair fall?

  • A family history of baldness can be the main common cause of hair fall. 
  • The hereditary factor can also trigger hair loss. Sometimes it may begin as early as puberty.
  • In some cases, hair loss may be a part with a simple halt in the cycle of hair growth. 
  • Major diseases, surgeries, or any other traumatic events can trigger hair loss. However, the regrowth will start usually without treatments.
  • Hormonal variations in the body associated with pregnancy, childbirth, discontinuing the use of birth control pills, and menopause can cause temporary hair loss.
  • Other conditions that result in major hair loss include thyroid disorders, alopecia Medical conditions that can cause hair loss include thyroid disease, alopecia areata (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles), and scalp infections like ringworm. Diseases that cause scarring, such as lichen planus can result in permanent hair loss because of the scarring.
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Due to the intake of medicines for ailments like cancer, high blood pressure, arthritis, depression, and heart problems. Some cases of prolonged fever, typhoid, dengue, etc. can also lead to severe hair loss. 
  • Trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder): People having a compulsion to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes also ends up in hair loss
  • Traction hair loss can occur due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very tightly.
  • Long term usage of chemicals on hair, hair coloring, heat treatments can result in hair fall. 
  • Lack of diet rich in protein, iron and other nutrients can lead to thinning of hair.

What are the symptoms of Hair fall?

  • Sudden loosening of hair. 
  • Gradual thinning on top of the head. 
  • Circular or patchy bald spots in the scalp
  • Patches with scaly appearance over the scalp. 
  • Damaged and frizzy hair which sometimes breaks in between or has split ends.

Home Remedies

1.  Coconut Milk
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Apply coconut milk to the scalp thoroughly. Then cover the head with a towel and leave it After 30 mins remove the towel and rinse your hair with running water. This is to be followed once or twice a week. 

Coconut milk is a rich source of vitamin E and fats that help to moisturize the scalp and hair thereby keeping it healthy. The milk has an abundance of potassium, another vital ingredient for hair growth. Thus, washing the hair with coconut milk can help to reduce the breakage of hair. Coconut oil contains the same nutrients and hence, it strengthens your hair right from the root through the shaft to the tip. Massaging the scalp regularly with this oil provides a protective action against hair loss. The oil possesses antibacterial property that protects from damage.

2.  Aloe Vera
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Extract the pulp of aloe vera from the leaf.  After washing the hair, rub the pulp on the hair. Thoroughly massage the scalp in rotatory motions. Leave it undisturbed for 20mins and then wash in running water. This can be practiced thrice a week. Aloe vera pulp penetrates deep to the hair roots and scalp and plays a remarkable role in balancing the pH levels.

3.  Neem
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Boil 10-12 dry neem leaves in water till the water is reduced to half volume. Allow the mixture to cool. Rinse your hair with this mixture. Rinse the hair with this water after hair wash. This should be continued once in every week. Neem is known for its excellent antibacterial properties, which fights against dandruff. It also ensures a healthy scalp and nourishes the hair roots.

4.  Amla (Indian Gooseberry)
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Boil 4-5 gooseberries in coconut oil till the oil turns black. Wait for the oil to cool its own. Then apply on the scalp and massage uniformly. Leave this for 30mins and wash with shampoo. 

Amla is one among the richest sources of vitamin C, a nutrient that promotes the growth and strengthening of hair. Vitamin C also assists to build collagen that is vital for hair growth. Apart from this, this helps to absorb iron, resulting in strong and healthy hair. Amla also has the property of preventing premature graying of hair. Consuming the fruit of Amla on a daily basis is a wonderful remedy to maintain and strengthen the hair follicles.

5.  Fenugreek seeds
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Soak fenugreek seeds in water overnight. Next day grind the seeds and make a fine paste out of it. Apply this paste from root to tip of the hair. and cover with a shower cap. Leave it for about 30 minutes, and then rinse using cold water. Fenugreek seeds enhance hair growth and checks in the rebuilding of the hair follicles. They also make hair shiny, strong, and long.

6.  Egg White Mask
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After breaking the eggs, separate the yolks from the egg white. Mix it thoroughly till you get a thick and even consistency. Apply this mixture to the scalp and hair thoroughly. Cover your head with a shower cap and leave it for about 30 minutes. After that rinse with cool water and wash with shampoo. The protein and vitamins present in the eggs help to retain the essential nutrients for optimal growth of hair.

7.  Coriander Juice
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Freshly chopped coriander leaves are grounded adding some water. This is made to a paste and the juice should be extracted from the same. Apply this to the scalp and hair. Leave it for an hour and then wash it with shampoo. This is to be done in the morning before taking bath. This remedy gives excellent results and should be done twice or thrice in a week. The herb makes the hair soft and promotes hair growth