Iron deficiency is considered as the single most prevalent nutritional deficiency worldwide. Studies account that 1.62 billion people suffer from anemia globally. Researches also state that anemia is a major source of morbidity and mortality worldwide.

Anemia is a pathologic condition produced by a decrease in red blood cell (RBC) mass or a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin. RBCs are the one which helps to transport oxygen all over the body. Hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein present in RBCs, which imparts the red color to the blood cells. It also assists to bind oxygen, fight against infections, and prevent blood loss by inducing blood clotting. 

Anemia results in less oxygen reaching various parts of your body. This condition mainly affects children and women of reproductive age. If left untreated, this condition can become fatal. 

Types of Anemia

Iron Deficiency Anemia

This condition is the most common form of anemia. The iron requirement is very much needed for the production of hemoglobin. Iron deficiency can occur due to severe blood loss, poor diet, and the body’s inability to absorb iron from food. As a result, iron deficiency anemia is generated.  

Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia

Like iron, vitamin B12 is an important factor for adequate production of hemoglobin. Most of the animal products are rich in vitamin B12 but in the case of a vegan diet, they may have vitamin B12 deficiency. This has an influence on hemoglobin production in your body which may result in anemia. This is also known as pernicious anemia.

Sickle Cell Anemia

This is a serious blood disorder. The red blood cells have a flat disc-shaped or sickle-shaped structure in this type of anemia. The RBCs show the presence of abnormal hemoglobin, known as the sickle cell hemoglobin, which is responsible for the abnormal shape. The sickle cells are sticky and can block the normal blood flow.

Aplastic Anemia

This type of anemia shapes in when the body loses its ability to produce enough red blood cells. These red cells are produced in the bone marrow every 120 days. When the bone marrow fails to produce RBCs, there is a drastic fall in blood count and leads to anemia. 

Hemolytic Anemia

This is caused when the red blood cells get destroyed before their normal lifespan is over. The bone marrow is struggling to produce new blood cells fast enough to meet the body’s requirement.


This is an inherited disorder where the body doesn’t create enough RBCs. As a result, people with thalassemia can suffer from mild to severe anemia. 

Fanconi Anemia

Fanconi anemia is a rare genetic blood disease that might lead to bone marrow dysfunction. It prevents the bone marrow from producing enough red blood cells required for the body. Sometimes it causes bone marrow to produce abnormal RBCs. This can lead to cancer and majorly affect the organs and tissues of your body. Children who inherit Fanconi anemia have birth defects.

Blood Loss Anemia

Due to excessive bleeding during menstruation or any bleeding caused by injury, surgery, cancer, or UTI may also result in blood loss. This leads to the condition blood loss anemia.

What are the Causes of Anemia?

RBC drop down mainly occur due to three main reasons:

The body is not producing enough RBCs.

The body destroys the RBCs.

Blood loss due to any injury or any other cause of bleeding. In women, excess bleeding during menstruation can be a reason.

What are the Symptoms of Anemia?

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Pale skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Hair loss
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Low stamina
  • Difficulty in concentrating

6 Home Remedies to cure Anemia

Drumstick Leaves

Clean the drum stick leaves and chop and blend them well. Strain the juice. Add honey, stir well, and drink.

Drumstick is a power herb with lots of vitamins A and C, iron, calcium, and magnesium that checks anemia.
Black Sesame Seeds
Soak the black sesame seeds in water for 3 hours. After straining the water, make a thick paste of sesame seeds. Consume it with a teaspoon of honey. 

Black sesame seeds contain a rich amount of folate, iron, calcium, and magnesium. They increase the iron levels and help in the absorption required iron in your system.
Spinach is one of the richest sources of anemia that helps to build red blood cells. This also plays a role in regulating blood pH. The herb rejuvenates the existing blood cells and produces new healthy blood cells.

The plant can be consumed in any form you like. Either it can be taken in the form of fresh juice or in the form of a cooked dish. This is a wonderful natural remedy that helps to elevate the blood counts and keeps an individual healthy.
Beet Root Juice
The plant is an excellent source of Vitamin A, B1, B2, B3, C, and folate. This helps in producing new red blood cells.

Beetroot can be taken in the form of juice or as a boiled vegetable. 
Dates and Raisins
Soak the dry fruits – dates, and raisin for 30mins. Strain the water and consume the fruits. Have this daily in the morning. 
Dates and raisins are rich in iron and vitamin C. They help to boost your immunity and improves general health. 
Consume ripened banana with honey.

Banana contains iron, potassium, vitamin C and folate. This helps to improve the iron levels significantly in blood. They also provide essential nutrient which enhances general health which thereby maintaining the hemoglobin levels.